The oldest part of Lisbon is the Alfama, a network of streets below the Castelo de Sao Jorge, but the main restaurants and entertainment venues are in the upper town, or Bairro Alto. Between the two is the lower town or Baixa, a grid of 18th century buildings built after the famous earthquake of 1755 devastated much of the city.
On your trip to Lisbon don’t miss the ornate Belem Tower, symbol of Lisbon since the Age of Discovery in the 1500s, or St. George’s Castle for brilliant views across the city. The Calouste Gulbenkian Museum has one of the finest private collections of art in the world, whilst the Ancient Art Museum is the equivalent of London’s National Gallery.
The imposing Mosteiro dos Jeronimos was built as a tribute to the great European Age of Discovery, which was spearheaded by Portugal in the 15th century. It’s an UNESCO World Heritage Site and its star features include its elaborate southern gateway and the tomb of the explorer Vasco de Gama, who made an epic voyage to India in 1498. The Oceanario de Lisboa is a magnificent modern aquarium, one of the world’s largest. It’s a great family attraction here and home to a bewildering array of fish and other marine fauna.