With so much history to be found, a trip to Alexandria can feel like stepping back in time. The Al-Mursi Abu al-Abbas Mosque was built in 1775, over the tomb of a 13th-century holy man after whom the mosque was named. A festival takes place here annually, celebrating his life. It is widely considered to be Alexandria’s most beautiful mosque, with its cream-coloured minarets and stunning marble floors.
The original Library of Alexandria no longer stands, but it was replaced in 2002 with the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. Aside from the millions of books in its collection, the library has four museums, a planetarium and an interactive virtual-reality suite, guaranteed to be popular with children.